World War II

"We are determined that before the sun sets on this terrible struggle our
  flag will be recognized throughout the world as a symbol of freedom on
 the one hand, of overwhelming power on the other."



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  • Washington Armament Conference
  • Four-Power Treaty
  • Five-Power Treaty
  • Nine-Power Treaty
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • Tydings-McDuffie Act
  • Good Neighbor Policy
  • Stimson Doctrine
  • Clark Memorandum
  • Montevideo Pact
  • Rio de Janeiro Conference
  • Buenos Aires Conference
  • Lima Conference
  • Trade Agreements Act
  • Nye Committee
  • Benito Mussolini
  • fascism
  • Adolf Hitler
  • nazism
  • Joseph Stalin
  • communism
  • Hideki Tojo
  • Rhineland
  • Sudetenland
  • Francisco Franco
  • Neutrality Acts
  • "Quarantine Speech"
  • Munich Conference
  • appeasement
  • Blitzkrieg
  • "phony war"
  • Third Reich
  • Axis Powers
  • destroyers-for-bases deal
  • Lend-Lease Act
  • "Four Freedoms"
  • Atlantic Charter
  • Winston Churchill
  • ABCD line
  • Pearl Harbor
  • USS Arizona
  • Cordell Hull
  • Korematsu v. United States
  • 1942 Rose Bowl
  • Vichy government
  • Charles de Gaulle
  • D-Day invasion
  • Battle of the Bulge
  • Elbe River
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • George S. Patton
  • Bernard Montgomery
  • Erwin Rommel
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • Chester Nimitz
  • Coral Sea
  • Midway
  • Guadalcanal
  • kamikaze pilots
  • USS South Dakota
  • Hiroshima & Nagasaki
  • Enola Gay
  • Manhattan Project
  • Albert Einstein
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • USS Indianapolis
  • USS Missouri
  • Holocaust
  • Mein Kampf
  • anti-Semitism
  • Nuremberg Laws
  • Auschwitz
  • Moscow Conference
  • Cairo Conference
  • Teheran Conference
  • Bretton Woods Conference
  • Dumbarton Oaks Conference
  • Yalta Conference
  • San Francisco Conference
  • Potsdam Conference

In Harm's Way: The Sinking of the USS Indianapolis by Doug Stanton
The Zookeeper's Wife: A War Story by Diane Ackerman


  • The "Four Freedoms": FDR's Speech (1941) & Norman Rockwell's Paintings (1943)
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt: War Message against Japan (1941)
  • Bill Mauldin: Selected "Willie & Joe" cartoons in The Stars and
  • San Francisco Chronicle report on conditions at Tule Lake
    Relocation Camp (1948)


1.  Discuss the shift in American public opinion away from the concept of isolationism
     toward the theory of internationalism from 1920 to 1941, in light of the various factors
     that influenced the change.

2.  Explain the failure of the Neutrality Acts to keep the United States out of World War II.

3.  Trace the deterioration of relations between Japan and the United States that
     resulted in the attack on Pearl Harbor.

4.  "The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic
     measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-World War II era rather
     than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan's unconditional surrender."
     Assess the validity of this statement.

5.  Apart from the actual military engagement of World War II, positives and negatives
     alike came of the war. Discuss these developments, citing specific examples.

6.  "Brutality begets brutality." Apply this adage to a particular event in World War II.


  1. In 1938, Great Britain and France tried to appease Germany by:
    1. refusing to sign a treaty with the Soviet Union
    2. signing the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis agreement
    3. declining to take sides in the Spanish Civil War
    4. allowing German forces to occupy the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia

  2. The Lend-Lease program:
    1. subsidized American farmers and manufacturers during the war
    2. provided food and clothing for any nation at war
    3. supplied military equipment to any country in need
    4. delivered needed war materials to the Allies

  3. The series of American Neutrality Acts passed in the late 1930s:
    1. were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
    2. actually favored the aggressor nations
    3. were strongly supported by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
    4. violated the terms of the Versailles Conference

  4. Great Britain and France declared war against Germany after the:
    1. seizure of Czechoslovakia
    2. invasion of Poland
    3. nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union
    4. bombing of Pearl Harbor

  5. In 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President in history to:
    1. leave the country during his term in office
    2. address Congress in person
    3. be elected to a third term
    4. enter into a binding agreement with a European nation

The Mount Rushmore grounds recently benefitted from an extensive multi-million dollar renovation. Included on site are the Avenue of Flags (displaying America's 50 state and six territorial flags), a world-class museum (complete with two theaters contained within the visitor center), an amphitheater, the Grand View Terrace, and a roomy restaurant. For especially active visitors, the mile-long Presidential Trail leads to the very base of the memorial, tracing a path once walked by Calvin Coolidge, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Click on the faces to TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE further.


"Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy"   by The Andrew Sisters