The Great Depression

"The country needs and . . . demands bold, persistent experimentation. It is
 common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and
 try another. But above all, try something."



This material is currently unavailable.


  Print Lecture Guide: The Great Depression & FDR's New Deal for reference.

  Complete Garraty: Onset of the Great Depression worksheet.

  Complete Garraty: FDR's New Deal worksheet.

  Complete Ten Political Cartoons about the Great Depression & FDR's New Deal
             document exercise.

  Complete What's My Line items (below) in usual fashion.



  • Hoovervilles
  • Bonus Army
  • relief, recovery, reform
  • "Black Tuesday"
  • Hundred Days
  • "fireside chats"
  • John Maynard Keynes
  • "Brain Trust"
  • Raymond Moley
  • "pump-priming"
  • Twentieth Amendment
  • "alphabetical agencies"
  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Works Progress Administration
  • National Labor Relations Act
  • Frances Perkins
  • Social Security Act
  • "Court-packing" bill
  • Huey Long
  • Charles Coughlin
  • Francis Townsend
  • Farm Holiday demonstrations
  • Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • "sit-down strikes"
  • "Roosevelt recession"
  • John Steinbeck
  • William Faulkner


1.  Trace the underlying and immediate causes of the Great Depression and the failure of
     President Herbert Hoover's policies to curb it.

2.  Examine the relationship among the political, social, and economic views of
     President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his handling of the Great Depression.

3.  Trace the changing relations between government and business during the
     presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. How did these changes affect organized labor?

4.  Describe any two of the following and analyze the ways in which each of them
     attempted to fashion a more stable economy and a more equitable society—Wagner
     National Labor Relations Act; Agricultural Adjustment Act; Securities and Exchange
     Commission; Social Security Act.

5.  Explain the criticisms leveled against FDR's New Deal from the political right and the
     political left and discuss alternatives proposed.

6.  Examine the impact of the Great Depression and its New Deal policies on any three of
     the following—blacks; women; city dwellers; farmers; the family.


  1. Dr. Francis Townsend advocated that the government pay $200 each month to all
    1. veterans of World War I.
    2. dispossessed farmers.
    3. unemployed family men.
    4. people over 60 years of age.

  2. Most historians view the New Deal as a/an
    1. token facade that accomplished no real reform.
    2. extensive reform program that principally improved the lives of poor Americans.
    3. radical departure from capitalism into socialism.
    4. reform movement that largely benefitted middle-class Americans.

  3. All of the following helped cause the Great Depression except
    1. high wages for workers.
    2. unequal distribution of wealth.
    3. stock market crash.
    4. high trade barriers.

  4. The fundamental failure of the New Deal was its
    1. extensive corruption.
    2. overcentralization of power in the President.
    3. excessive reliance on deficit spending tactics.
    4. inability to significantly curb unemployment.

  5. The Great Depression was finally ended by
    1. delayed impact of the Second New>
    2. massive government spending beginning with preparedness for World War II.
    3. restoration of confidence in business.
    4. tremendous increase in exports to Britain and France once World War II began.

"Somewhere Over the Rainbow"   by Judy Garland [from The Wizard of Oz]